States with ERA’s: Are Women Protected in your state?

State ERA Map 2022

Columbia Law School ERA Project and In collaboration with the


 published a State ERA Tracker, which summarizes the current status of state ERAs and serves as a starting point for our work on developing model policy agendas for state level executives

In the United States, the fight for a federal Equal Rights Amendment has been a century in the making.

Meanwhile, state-level equivalents abound—some as comprehensive provisions of state constitutions that guarantee equal rights regardless of an individual’s gender, and others as provisions that prohibit gender-based discrimination in specific circumstances.

Following the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, and given the federal courts’ growing hostility to many forms of civil rights protection, state courts and constitutions are becoming increasingly important. In the coming months and years, litigants may increasingly turn to state-level Equal Rights Amendments.

What follows is a summary of the protections afforded in the 50 states.

The State of State Equal Rights Amendments: A National Roundup

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