Child Marriage is Legal in 45 States!
Only Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and Minnesota
have banned child marriage.
Until every state — and every country —
enacts legislation to protect children,
particularly young girls, from being forced into marriage,
thousands of children in the USA remain at risk of missing out on education
and the chance to be a child.
Demand 18 Years Old – No Exceptions
Child “marriage” is harmful, and is a human rights violation that legitimizes abuse and denies girls’ autonomy.
When young girls are forced to marry, they are essentially subject to state-sanctioned rape and are at risk of increased domestic violence, forced pregnancy and negative health consequences, while being denied education and economic opportunity. Zonta and our partners advocate that the minimum age for marriage be set at 18, no exceptions.
Did you know that only two U.S. states meet this standard, and that the federal government provides a child marital exception for statutory rape?
Zonta USA, Unchained at Last, Unicef USA and Equality Now works around the world to end child, early and forced marriage. The US should be no exception.
Contact your Senator and Representative today and ask them to support S.1071 and H.R. 2153.
Repealing 18 U.S.C. § 2243(c)(2) is a simple, commonsense step towards aligning U.S. law with international standards and discouraging child marriage and child rape in the U.S.
Urge your senators to support S.742 to close the visa loopholes that enable underage marriage
Legislation in ALL 48 States!
In the US and around the world, child marriage is a harmful practice that disproportionately affects girls. Every year, thousands of children in the US face pressure to marry before they are ready, and the majority of those children are girls being pressured to marry older men, PBS reported. Globally, 650 million girls and women alive today were married as children, according to Girls Not Brides.
Bills to eliminate Child Marriage have been considered in 20 states, including Arizona, Florida, and Tennessee, in the past two years. But, while the proposed bills resulted in the strengthening of legislation and children’s rights in some states, only Delaware and now New Jersey have actually passed the bills intact.
Most states with Child Marriage restrictions have too many loopholes that don’t protect children.
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Where is the System Broken
* What are the common Exceptions to Legal Age for Marriage?
Common Exception 1: Parental Consent
In most states, children age 16 or 17 can marry if their parents sign the marriage license application. Obviously, one child’s parental consent is another child’s parental coercion, but state laws do not call for anyone to ask the children whether they are being pressured into marriage. Even when a girl sobs openly while her parents sign the application and force her into marriage, the clerk has no authority to intervene.
Common Exception 2: Judicial Approval
In many states, judicial approval lowers the marriage age below 16, and many states do not specify a minimum age below which a judge may not approve a child marriage. Typically, states allow judges to approve marriages for couples whose ages or age differences should trigger a statutory-rape charge, not a marriage license.