Womens’ Health


Commitment to advocate for Women’s Health and Safety

Zonta International invites clubs and members to advocate locally and internationally for the banning of female genital mutilation. Share with the world how you #Act2EndFGM by being part of the online conversation and participating in social media using the UN’s materials..

STOP FGM Act Passed in 2020

The Zonta USA Caucus supported the STOP FGM Act of 2020 and asked its advocates to contact their legislators to pass the law. Though the practice was already outlawed in the United States, the language needed to be tightened. On 5 January 2021, it became law; it will empower federal authorities to prosecute people who carry out or conspire to carry out female genital mutilation in the United States and increases the maximum prison sentence from five to 10 years.


ZontaUSA Priorities for Advocacy for Women’s Health 

  • End FGM

  • Reduce Maternal Mortality S. 408 and H.R. 1350

  • Response to Sexual Assault S. 119 and H.R. 649


What is the prevalence of FGM in the U.S.?

More detailed statistics on FGM are needed. In January 2016, in response to advocacy by Equality Now, Safe Hands for Girls, and other civil society partners, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a study on the number of women and girls in the U.S. who are at risk of or have been subjected to FGM. According to it, the number is estimated to be 513,000, more than three times higher than an earlier estimate based on 1990 data.

FGM State by State

Currently, there is anti-FGM legislation in only 40 states, meaning that 10 STATES HAVE YET TO CRIMINALIZE FGM. The majority of states that do have FGM legislation can strengthen their legislation to further protect the girls in their state  –AHA Foundation.


FGM by State - Ban FGM in the USA

What makes Strong FGM Legislation?

From EndFGMToday Leader Elizabeth Yore,
Here are the elements that strong legislation should include:

“Strong FGM bills include five components,” Yore said. 

  • “These include prosecution for a practitioner, medical or otherwise, who carries out FGM; 
  • prosecution for parents or guardians who allow children to be subjected to FGM; 
  • prosecution for those who aid in facilitating FGM; 
  • provisions against ‘vacation cutting,’ or transporting girls to other countries or states for mutilation purposes; and 
  • provisions for education and outreach purposes.

Bills on Women’s Health

Reduce Maternal Deaths and Improve Health outcomes  The bipartisan Supporting Best Practices for Healthy Moms Act (S. 408 and H.R. 1350)

Take Action

Additional Women’s Health Resources

Heart Health

GoRedforWomen – All about women’s heart health.

Women Representation in Health Research


Female Genital Mutilation:

AHA Foundation (works on many issues)

EndFGM/C Network (US and International)


EqualityNow  (multiple issue group)